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Manhattan Project Essay

  • Submitted by: Cr0w
  • on December 5, 2011
  • Category: History
  • Length: 1,884 words

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Below is an essay on "Manhattan Project" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

In the early morning hours of July 16, 1945, the first ever nuclear explosion took place in Alamogordo, New Mexico.  The explosion was the first test of the most destructive weapon ever known to man, and was the result of almost six years of research and development by some of the world’s top scientists.  This endeavor was known as the Manhattan Project.  Less than a month after the test, which was known as Trinity, the United States dropped two nuclear bombs on Japan, three days apart, which forced the Japanese to surrender.  The story of the Manhattan Project is an abysmal subject, as is the effect of the Manhattan Project on international politics, and both will be covered in this paper.  Indeed, the Manhattan Project and the creation of the atomic bomb were good things, because it actually decreased the likelihood of nuclear war in the post- World War II era.
The Manhattan Project was preceded by a variety of scientific discoveries in the 1920′s and the 1930′s.  During this time of scientific discovery, Hitler had been steadily rising to power in Germany, and before long, physicist Leo Szilard and fellow Hungarian Jews Eugene Wigner and Edward Teller became worried.  They decided that the President of the United States must be informed about the new fission technology that had been discovered, which they believed was capable of making bombs.  The three physicists enlisted the help of Albert Einstein, the foremost scientist in that period, and together they drafted a letter addressed to President Roosevelt describing their beliefs that nuclear fission “Would…lead to the construction of bombs, and it is conceivable…that extremely powerful bombs of a new type may thus be constructed.”
At first, not much money or interest was spent on the atomic bomb program.  However, the combination of France’s fall to Germany in 1940, the belief that Germany was ahead in the race for the atomic bomb, and the bombing of Pearl Harbor soon convinced Roosevelt that something more...

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