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mary queen of scots essay

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Mary queen of Scots

Born in Linlithgow in December 1542, Mary became queen before she was a week old. Brought up in France as a roman catholic this would later cause many problem for her. She was a descendent of James   IV this would later lead to her demise as she rivalled Elizabeth to the English throne and English nobles like john Knox didn’t want a catholic becoming the Queen of England


The English wanted to limit Mary’s influence, and in 1564 Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, was proposed as a suitable husband. Mary refused, however, and a year later married her cousin, the Catholic Scottish nobleman lord Darnley. But she later had an affair with her advisor Rizzio who was a hunchback. Darnley also had a claim to the English throne, and the marriage aroused Protestant feelings and was the signal for an rebellion led by Moray, who hoped to be joined by the whole Protestant party. Her triumph was scarcely over when misunderstandings began to arise between her and Darnley. She had given him the title of king, but he now demanded that the Crown be secured to him for life and that, if the queen died without children, it should descend to his heirs.

Before Moray’s rebellion, Mary’s secretary and adviser had been David Rizzio, an Italian musician and court favourite, and a Roman Catholic. The king was now persuaded that Rizzio was the obstacle to his designs upon the Crown. Acting on this belief, he entered into a formal compact with Moray; Lord Patrick Ruthven; James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton; and other leaders of the Protestant party. The result of this conspiracy was the murder of Rizzio in 1566. Early in 1567 the house in which Darnley lay sick was blown up by gunpowder, probably at the instigation of James Hepburn who, since Moray’s revolt and still more since Rizzio’s murder, had been favoured by the queen. Darnley was discovered strangled close by the scene of the explosion. It was suspected that Mary herself was not wholly ignorant of the plot....

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