Nowadays there are approximately more than 6 billion people living in our planet, and there are no similar people. There are a lot of distinctions between us, people are separated not only by the appearance, but also by our acts, that are frequently extremely difficult to understand and unpredictable. Each person is unique and inimitable.
Many people go throughout life not knowing exactly who they are. The personality of someone is who they are. Many psychologists have tried to define what they envisioned personality to be, and by analyzing their theories I will try to find out who I am.
Psychology is the science that deals with mental processes and behavior. The main goal of psychology is to understand and describe behavior of people. In psychology personality is the patterns of behavior, thought, and emotion unique to an individual, and the ways they interact to help or hinder the adjustment of a person to other people and situations. A number of theories have attempted to explain human personality.
1. S. Freud’s theory
In his psychoanalytic interpretation, Sigmund Freud asserted that the human mind could be divided into three significant components—the id, the ego, and the superego—which work together to shape personality. Psychoanalysis emphasizes unconscious motivations and the conflicts between primal urges and learned social mores, stressing the importance of early childhood experiences in determining mature personality. Freud said that the goal of therapy was to make the unconscious conscious.
2. C. Jung theory
Jung asserted that the soul consists from three separate, but co-operating structures: ego, unconscious, and collective unconscious. Ego - is the centre of sphere of consciousness. Unconscious contains in itself conflicts and memoirs which were once realized, but now are suppressed or forgotten. Jung has come up with idea of existence of deeper layer in structure of the personality, he defined it as collective unconscious. In collective...