The term narcotic originally referred medically to any psychoactive compound with sleep-inducing properties. In the United States of America it has since become associated with opioids, commonly morphine and heroin. The term is, today, imprecisely defined and typically has negative connotations. When used in a legal context in the US, a narcotic drug is simply one that is totally prohibited, or one that is used in violation of strict governmental regulation, such as PCP or marijuana. From a pharmacological standpoint it is not a useful term.
Narcotics are used to:
* Treat pain
* Suppress cough
* Alleviate diarrhea
* Induce anaesthesia
Unwanted effects of narcotics:
* Lack of concentration
* Lessened physical activity
* Constriction of the pupils
* Dilation of the subcutaneous causing flushing of the face and neck
As the dose is increased, the subjective, analgesic (pain relief), and toxic effect become more pronounced. Except in cases of acute intoxication, there is no loss of motor coordination or slurred speech as occurs with many depressants.
- are strong depressants that are used to relieve pain, numb the sneses and induce sleep.
- Heroin, morphine and codeine are narcotics that are made from the opium poppy plant. Its use is illegal. Most common natural and synthetic narcotics:
- It may bring a user/patient into addiction and in a state of unconsciousness and blackout.
From the Opium Poppy:
2. Hydrocodone (Hycodan)
4. Oxyeodone (Percodon)
5. Hydrimorphone (Dilaudid)
6. Opium (Pantopon and Paregoric)
1. Meperdine (Demoral)
3. Phentazocane (Talwin)
4. Propoxaphene (Darvon)
- They are often prescribed to relieve pain after surgery or for pain from ilnesses such as cancer....