Nationalism is both an empowering as well as an exclusionary discourse within
development. Discuss with examples.
* New states were fashioned on the elaborate modern western state that had developed over centuries. These states were marred by the hurried transfer of administrative responsibilities, belated and unsustainable political compromises (The Kashmir issue), economic dependence, and largely untested legislatures and governments that were doomed to collapse. For eg: In Nigeria the system quickly and tragically gave way-successive military coups in 1966, six years after independence, being followed by a 3 year civil war that claimed between 1 and 3 million lives)
* Being accepted as legitimate by its population was a major preoccupation for post-colonial states. Their colonial predecessors demanded obedience, not consent, and been content with commanding fear rather than adoration. This presented a formidable challenge given the generally multi ethnic and multi religious character of most post colonial states.( tyranny of majority/ Gujrat Riots; Ayodhya issue etc. / Sikhism and ‘Khalistan’ In the last decade demand of Separate state by ‘Naxalites’( Economic segregation) ))
* The Developmentalist authoritarianism(It is argued by advocates of developmental authoritarianism that democracies impede the timing and speed of development as a result of the inherent argumentative nature of democracies, which prevents the insulation of the state from particularistic demands )subsequently pursued by their post-colonial successors also failed to secure their regimes. The successful military coup in Ghana in 1966 against President Kwame Nkrumah epitomized this failure. Inheriting the economically interventionist and centralizing late colonial state, Nkrumah assumed dictatorial powers and pursued a succession of wasteful and ill-planned projects aimed at transforming Ghana into an industrialized state.