New Zealand has beautiful scenery, including coastlines, beaches, forests and wildlife. It
also has a lot of General Geology, Geography and Natural Hazards. New Zealand is also
admired for its great amount of supplies and wild life.
New Zealand doesn't have diamonds, emerald or sapphires, but it does have gemstones
many gems used to make jewelry. The meaning of a gemstone is beautiful,
durable and rare. Most gemstones have been washed down a river , and are
already round and smooth. Gemstones are also found inland, but it is almost always necessary to get
permission from the landowner to collect those.
B. Geologic Explorations
Many explorers made discoveries in New Zealand.
They sketched, made notes, mad maps and published reports on volcanoes, river terraces, oil seeps
and mineral ores. In this natural space, the exact standards established in the 19th century are
now used in the study of the ocean floor and other geological boundaries.
Between 1839 and 1841 Ernst Dieffenbach, from Germany, explored the North Island. He wrote about
rocks, volcanoes, plants and animals, and Māori culture. Later in the 1850's, New Zealand was thought
of as a land of gold. The miners found gold in Coromandel, and soon all regions wanted to know if
gold, coal and other valuable minerals were in the ground. In the 1940s, scientists knew how to
measure the depth of the sea floor around New Zealand. They discovered canyons, valleys and
volcanoes under the sea.
Rocks and Minerals
A mineral is a solid substance with a definite chemical structure All
rocks are made minerals. Scientists have found some unusual rocks and
minerals in New Zealand. Distinctive green-grey goodletite (named after its
discoverer, William Goodlet), and purple tuhualite (named after Tuhua or Mayor Island) are found