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Org Psych Essay

  • Submitted by: jeninab
  • on December 5, 2011
  • Category: Psychology
  • Length: 399 words

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Below is an essay on "Org Psych" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Organizational psychology has its roots in the late 1800s and early 1900s when early psychologists were trying to apply the theories of psychology to the organization of business (Spector, 2008). Huge Munsterberg and Walter Dill Scott are two of the scientist that were and university professors that were attributed with the founding work of organizational psychology; both shared an interest in employee selection and the application of new psychological tests to the subject of industry. The methodological next step beyond Scott and Munsterberg came in 1911 when Frederick Winslow Taylor developed his theory of “Scientific Management”, which puts for a scientific procedure for the managing of production workers on the factory line.
The field of organizational psychology took a leap in technological applicability when Frank Gilbreth, an engineer, and Lillian Gilbreth, a psychologists, combined the knowledgebase of their respective fields into one eclectic theory of human factors—which is wholly concerned with the design of technology for use by people (Spector, 2008). Coincidently, it was the destruction of World War I (WWI) and World War II (WWII) that advanced the development and relevance of organizational psychology. During WWI several psychologists, led by Robert Yerkes, produced the Army Alpha and Army Beta group tests, which were designed to gauge mental ability to the end of proper unit placement. Before WWII the American Psychological Association (APA) was not concerned with the practice of psychology in the real-world, but limited itself to experimental psychology. However, in 1944 Division 14 of Industrial and Business Psychology was formed within the APA to address the need for a practice side of organizational psychology. In 1970 Division 14 was reorganized as the APA Division of Industrial and Organization Psychology and is today referred to as the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP). Over the past century the field of...

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