ORIGIN OF MOTIVATION THEORY
Topic & Significance:
This section focuses on the contributions of sociologist Abram Maslow and his concept of Hierarchy of needs. This section will continue by exploring the evolution of that concept by two other theorists, Feedback Herzberg and C.P. Alderfer.
HIERARCHY OF NEEDS THEORY
In the first half of this century, sociologist Abraham Maslow proposes that all humans have universal needs, and those needs could be categorized and predicted.He says that these needs fall into five categories; Physiological, security, social, esteem, and self-actualization. Maslow developed these needs in a hierarchical pattern with physiological needs being the most proponent until satisfied. he defines a proponent need as having a great influence over the subsequent needs as until it is satisfied. For example, it would be difficult to achieve success in higher education (psychological or esteem needs) if one was not properly fed and watered.
If one has had their physiological needs met that individual may seek satisfaction for safety and security needs. These would include adequate housing, reliable transportation, and anything that contributes to the orderliness and predictability of life.
Once safety and security needs have been satisfied, Maslow contends that individuals begin to look for a sense of community to fulfill their belongingness and love needs. These needs would include a desire for family, greater satisfaction in work relationships, church organizations or even anti-social gangs. What is important is that the social structure can provide an individual the ability to give and receive affection. Once these needs are met, one can begin to explore their sense of personal value.
Esteem needs are often satisfied by recognition from peers and mentors, such as employers. This may include a raise in pay, bonus, and certificate of completion or a degree from and educational institution. It may also include many other rewards of effort, but...