28 November 2011
Final Paper Outline
In this paper, I will argue that Epicurus’ concept of what “happiness” is, is more accurate than Aristotle and Aquinas because Epicurus’ account of what “happiness” entails that he believed in a simple life, where the true path to happiness was through “friends, freedom and thought”.
Happiness is the ultimate end in human life (living well)
Good=End of human nature
a. Instrumental Value vs. Intrinsic Value
c. Characteristics of Happiness
a. Virtuous Activity
Quotation: “Happiness in the highest sense is the contemplative life.” (Aristotle, 207)
Thomas Aquinas’ Argument:
Happiness is utilizing reason to know God and his will, and acting accordingly to natural law
Ultimate happiness is being with God in Heaven
Living a good life on earth
Laws serve to endorse happiness
Quotation: “Practical reason is the last end, and the last end of human life is bliss or happiness.” (Aquinas, 302)
Happiness is tranquility—peace and sovereignty of fear
Happiness is obtained by cultivating pleasure
Seeking pleasure and avoiding pain
Fear of death must be overcome
Quotation: “The sole standard one should use in living one’s life is the happiness of this life, and happiness consists entirely in pleasure.” (Epicurus, 264)
Epicurus’ views are simple, where when it comes to happiness, all one needs are friends, freedom and thoughts.
Aristotle view has many questions… Happiness is not everyone’s ultimate end.
Aquinas view is a skeptical as well, every human being ways of living does not revolve around religion (God), and every religion has different concepts. Also, living a good life is not applied to every...