What are the main psychological needs that religion and spirituality meet and who tends to get the most attracted to them?
Summary of Readings
Wings of Illusion by John F. Schumaker discusses the psychological needs met by religion. Schumaker notes that the fear of death is subsided by the religiosity of a person. The mental health is better and religious people have a tendency to be saner and feel more in control. I found it extremely interesting how Schumaker noted that “eastern” religions made the fear of death less than “Western” religions do. Schumaker also gives advice to the Catholic Church to try to be more positive and less restricted by dogma. The tie in he made with astrology was fascinating.
Summary of Web Research Articles
Executive Functions in Morality, Religion, and Paranormal Beliefs by Omar Wain and Marcello Spinella discusses how belief in the paranormal affects the religiosity and morality of people. It discusses how certain brain functions come into play with the belief in religion and the limbic system in particular. Excessive activity in the limbic system lends itself to hyper-religiosity, while deficiencies show a lack of religiosity, much like Alzheimer’s’ patients.
Why is Religion Natural by Pascal Boyer points out that religion relieves anxiety and creates social cohesion. Religion also explains natural phenomena thereby allaying fears of the believers. The article goes on to discuss brain function and quotes Jonathan Swift in saying, “You cannot reason a man out of something he was not reasoned in to.”
Analysis and Relevance
Since I was raised in a Christian home, I was given an extensive religious background. In my experiences, I have found that many people accept religion because it is easier for them than not accepting. While I have met many highly intelligent people that believe in religion, it seems that many use religion to explain what they believe rather than make up their own minds. There are many...