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Pearl Harbor Essay

  • Submitted by: Hbaseball21
  • on February 26, 2011
  • Category: History
  • Length: 1,678 words

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Below is an essay on "Pearl Harbor" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Pearl Harbor Naval Base, Hawaii, was attacked by Japanese torpedo and bomber planes on December 7, 1941, at 7:55 a.m. Hawaii time. The sneak attack sparked serious outrage in the American people, government and the world. On December 8, President Franklin D. Roosevelt addressed the American Congress and the nation to tell everyone about the attack. When talking, the president asked Congress to pass a declaration of war. Congress said yes, voted and passed the U.S. Declaration of War on Japan, on the same day. And that was how the America's entered into World War 2.
The attack took place on a sunny Sunday morning. A small amount of soldiers were on duty when the attacked happened. Most offices on the base were closed and many servicemen were on leave for the weekend. New technology, including the new radar mounted on Opana Point, were in place, manned and functioning at the time of the attack. The incoming Japanese attack planes were detected by the radar and reported, but everyone thought it was the incoming group of American planes due from the mainland that morning. While on practice maneuvers outside the harbor that morning, an American destroyer spotted a Japanese submarine attempting to sneak into the harbor. The submarine was fired upon, immediately reported, but for some reason it was ignored.
Pearl Harbor is located on the south coast of Oahu Island. At the time, the naval base was about 22,000 acres in size. The American fleet was under the command of Admiral Husband E. Kimmel and the ground troops were commanded by Lt. General Walter C. Short. Pearl Harbor was the hub of American naval power since King Kalakua gave the right to the U.S. to develop a coal station there in 1887. The harbor had recently been designated as the American Pacific Fleet's new home base because the Japanese were starting to get more aggressive. Most of America's military commands of the Pacific Region had headquarters on the base, yet the United States continued its...

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