The Republic is an explanation of what “Good Life” is; the harmony reached by applying
pure reason and justice. The ideas and arguments of Plato center on the social settings of an ideal
republic. Those that lead each person to the most perfect possible life for him. Plato supposed
that people exhibit the same features and perform the same functions that city-states do.
Applying the analogy in this way presumes that each of us, like the state, is a complex whole
made up of several distinct parts, each of which has its own proper role. But Plato argued that
there is evidence of this in our everyday experience. When face to face with choices we feel the
tug of many different impulses taking us in different directions all at once. In this paper I will
present Plato’s argument of the three possible ways we can choose to live and why I agree with
his idea of the best possible life.
According to Plato there are three main psychological forces at work in one individual.
These three forces are expressed in desires which correspond to appetite, spirit and reason. Plato
claims that the soul of every individual has the three part structure analogous to the three classes
of society. There is the reasoning part which seeks wisdom in order to discern the true nature of
things and to know the true or real, the good and beautiful. A Spirited or energetic part which
displays courage and desires honor, glory and fame. Then last the appetites part which lusts after
all sorts of things, but money most of all (since money must be used to fulfill any other base
desire). All three of these forces make up one entity because they compromise the collective
group of active principles in an individual. Yet they are distinct active principles which operate
in different ways and have very different objects.
Plato sketches a psychological portrait of the tyrant and attempts to prove that injustice
tortures a man’s psyche. He tries to...