Plato vs. Aristotle
In this essay I will discuss what are the forms from both Plato and Aristotle, how these ideas relate to physical objects and are ideas real. Plato and Aristotle are very different but at the same time they also have some things in common.
Plato’s metaphysics is also known as the theory of forms, and is even sometimes referred to as Plato’s dialogues. According to him, his theory of forms is what is truly real and is not the objects we encounter in sensory experience but, rather, forms, and these can only be grasped intellectually. Plato’s theories of forms are: allegory of the cave, divided line, platonic form, platonic realism, division of the soul, philosopher king and memories of the soul. Plato believed that the form of circularity exists apart or separately from individual coins and other circular objects, and that they are dependent on it for their existence as circular things, as explained earlier. Sometimes his forms are referred to as ideas, and the theory of forms is also said to be the theory of ideas. Ideas are some what misleading because, from Plato’s forms say they are not the type of ideas that exists in people. To him objects in this world are not eternal, and so the beliefs about objects cannot always be correct and cannot always have truth.
Now according to Aristotle, he took great issue with Plato’s theory of forms. He says that Plato’s talk of participating is metaphorical and meaningless, and he says that Plato was mistaken in that the form circularity, the reverse doesn’t hold true. He believed that the reverse does in deed hold true, and that if there were not individual circular things, there would be no such thing was the form circularity. Aristotle’s views are that forms are universal, something that more than one individual can be. It means that many different things cane be beautiful, circular or large, but only one thing can be you, and only one thing can be Aristotle; so you and Aristotle are not universals...