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President Essay: John Adams

  • Submitted by: abrookec12
  • on December 5, 2011
  • Category: History
  • Length: 637 words

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Below is a free excerpt of "President Essay: John Adams" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

John Adams, the second president of the United States, could be arguably defined as a horrible president. He was the second president of the United States from 1797 to 1801. Of course, John Adams possessed a couple of great qualities. He was intelligent, as he went to Harvard, and he was the one who nominated George Washington (and became his Vice President). John Adams was, despite his small amount of positive qualities, one of the worst presidents because of The XYZ Affair, The Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798, and the “Midnight Judges” Adams placed in Congress directly before Jefferson became president.
At the time of his presidency, The XYZ Affair occurred. Great Britain and France were at war and the United States signed a treaty with Great Britain, upsetting France. This treaty, called the Jay Treaty of 1795, regulated the commerce between Great Britain and the United States. Because the United States signed this treaty, they closed their ports from the French (at war with Great Britain). This angered the French, so they began to seize American ships. John Adams decided to send three people to France to negotiate. After speaking to the French government, they refused to agree. Their prime minister, Talleyrand, sent three of his own agents (secretly) to the commissioners. Their demand was money for Talleyrand (the prime minister), and (to end the shipping raids) money for France. These three agents were nicknamed “X,” “Y,” and “Z.”   Meanwhile in the United States Congress, Republicans believed that Adams was hiding the true accuracy of America’s relation to France. Correct in their assumption, Adams was hiding this affair . News of the affair sent anti- French feelings throughout the United States. In the end, America and France both decided that they did not want war.
Adams passed many laws during his presidency (they were signed by him). The first, and most prominent act passed, was the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798. These were four separate laws were...

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