Psychiatric Disorders, Diseases, and Drugs
There are quite a few psychological disorders and diseases. Some of these disorders and diseases are schizophrenia, depression, mania, anxiety disorder, and Tourette syndrome. Schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder. Most of the people with this disorder are unaware of the fact that they have a psychotic illness. People with schizophrenia can experience a loss of interest or pleasure. Mood abnormalities often occur in the individual with this disorder. These abnormalities include, but are not limited to: depression, anxiety, inappropriate smiling or laughing, or anger.
Life expectancy of a person with schizophrenia is shorter than the average person. One reason is due to suicide. “Suicide is an important factor, because approximately 10% of individuals with schizophrenia commit suicide – and between 20% and 40% make at least one suicide attempt” (Long, 2008). Schizophrenia is commonly known to start between the late teens and mid- 30’s. Schizophrenia usually starts with negative symptoms such as social withdrawal and unusual behavior. After a few months or years, the individual will move into the psychotic phase where they will experience delusions and hallucinations, also run the risk of harming themselves.
Schizophrenia usually lasts a lifetime and complete remission is often unheard of. The best outcomes of schizophrenia happen when it is detected early and treatment of antipsychotic medication starts soon after. The drugs most often used to treat schizophrenia are risperidone, quetiapine, olanzapine, and ziprasidone. These medications are effective, but they can cause weight gain, high cholesterol, and a higher risk of diabetes. The most common theory if schizophrenia is the dopamine theory of schizophrenia, which claims that schizophrenia is caused by too much dopamine.
Another disorder common to all of us is depression. Everyone experiences depression at some point in their lives, like...