Perspectives on Psychological Disorders
How should a psychological disorder be defined?
How are they to be understood
How should they be classified
- mental health workers view these disorders as persistently harmful thoughts, feelsings, and actions. when a behavior is deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional, psychiatrists and psychologists label it disordered.
-standards for deviant behavior vary by culture and context
-ADHD- this plagues 4 percent of the children who display inattention, distractibility, forgetfulness, disorganization, hyperactivity, fidgeting, restlessness, impulsivity, interrupting, blurting out answers.
Understanding Psychological Disorders
The Medical Model
-that psychological disorders are sickness provided the impetus for further reform as hospitals replaced asylums.
The Biopsychosocial Approach
-psychologists contend that all behavior whether called normal or disordered arises from the interaction of nature and nurture. to presume that a person is mentally ill attributes to the condition solely to an interal problem to a sickness that must be found and cured but maybe there is no deep internal problem. maybe instead a growth blocking difficulty in their enviroment or bad social habits
Biological Influences: Psychological Influences:
- individual genes -trauma
-brain structure and chemistry -learned helplessness
-mood-related perceptions and memories