Running with the Crowd
Violence is always a concern in society it becomes a bigger concern when it involves a crowd. Crowd violence is hard to pin point because it is unclear what and where the ignition point is. Bandura (1990, 1991) proposed a theory that could explain why people follow other people even when they know the act they are committing is wrong (Bartol & Bartol, 2008). The theory is called moral disengagement and it describes how people go against their own moral judgment in order to commit immoral acts.
Moral disengagement is a way for a person to take themselves out of crime that is being committed. It allows them to commit robbery, assault and even murder with out and self-censure. Some would even say that moral disengagement transcends into the religious realm because for a criminal who has done the most unspeakable act of murder and not show remorse that person in inhuman and has no soul. This process is described in our textbook as dehumanization. It refers to the process of maintaining beliefs that strip people of human qualities or invests them with demonic or bestial qualities (Bartol & Bartol, 2008).
Moral disengagement is a way that criminals are employing moral disengagement in an attempt to reduce self-censure (Bartol & Barto, 2008l). People find violence easier if they don't consider their victims as human beings. The mechanisms of moral disengagement involve cognitive and social machinations but not literal self-deception. Theorist Le Bon stated that humans in a crowd are like a heard of animals they are easily swayed or frightened (Bartol & Bartol, 2008).
Because individual and crowd violence grows increasingly through aggression the reaction of each group could be swayed by an instigator with bad intentions. Instigators not only have the power to authorize individuals to participate directly in collective violence, they also have the power to shape bystanders' reactions to these events and establish the social...