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Russia In Decline Essay

  • Submitted by: blckrose824
  • on December 17, 2008
  • Category: History
  • Length: 912 words

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Below is an essay on "Russia In Decline" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Russia is currently caught in the middle of a downward spiral. It is predicted that their population will drop from its current number of one hundred and forty two million to just one hundred million in the next forty years. That represents about a quarter of Russia’s population vanishing. There are also suggestions that the population decline could end up worse than many models are indicating, up to a fifty percent loss of population. This would be a crushing blow to Russia, both economically and culturally.
Russia is scrambling to do something that will stop the birth rate from declining at such a rapid rate. The birth rate in Russia currents stand at 1.1 children for every family, but in order to stabilize the population nosedive the birth rate needs to be 2.4 children or more for every family.   According to the Boston Globe, “between 1992 and 2007 there were twelve million more deaths than births.”   These alarming numbers are not only due to a low birth rate, but also a death rate that has skyrocketed in the wake of the Soviet collapse due to poor healthcare, widespread alcoholism, substance abuse, poor diet, diseases, a rise of car accidents, and a rise in workplace accidents.   According the Christian Science Monitor, male life expectancy currently stands at only 59 years. Life expectancy for females is not much better, currently standing at 72 years.   This is compared to the 75 years and 81 years for males and females, respectively, in the United States. The World Bank also reports that a little over one-fifth of the population is over 65.   Also working against the birth rate are old social systems that are ingrained into everyday life that have discouraged family formation. All of these factors are causing the Russian population to currently decline at a rate of one million people annually.
The repercussions of this decline are already being felt across the nation. The workforce, along with the military and farming populations, is shrinking. There are...

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