The framers of the constitution separated the power of our government into three equal branches. The legislative, judicial, and the executive branch. They believed that this separation would make sure that no one person would be able to create or pass laws. Each branch would be checked on by each other. The farmers believed that making the branches work together that it would lead to more thoughtful lawmaking and to make sure that no one branch would be in control of the whole process.
The legislative branch is made of our congress, which is divided into two parts. The senate and the House of Representatives. They have the power to create and change laws. They also have the power to override the presidential veto if 2/3 of the senate and the house vote on it. The senate can confirm the federal appointment. The may impeach the federal judges and the president.
The executive branch leader is our president. This branch has the power to enforce the laws written by the congress. Also they appoint the head of federal agencies. They also can pardon people convicted of federal crimes. The vice president is also part of the branch, ready to take charge if the president can no longer be in office.
The judicial branch makes up our Supreme courts. They have many powers; they can interpret laws that have been written by the congress. The judicial branch over looks all other branches, making sure that sure working together and not over reaching their delegated powers. The supreme courts have the final say over the meaning of our constitution and federal laws. Today our United States supreme courts have nine justices, which was appointed by the president and approved by the senate.
In the end the farmers believed that the separation of powers was not absolute, it is instead qualified by the doctrine of the checks and balances. The checks and balances was made to allow each branch to restrain abuse by other branches.