We don’t know much about the life of Shakespeare. He comes from a small provincial town called Stratford, which is situated at Avon. His father was a craftsman and he was a member of the town council; he was also a mayor for three years. Shakespeare probably went to Stratford Grammar School, which can still be seen in the town, but we don’t know much about what he was taught in school.
In 1582, when he was 18 years old, he married Ann Hathaway, who was 7-8 years older. She was the oldest daughter of a wealthy farmer. Their first child was born the year after, only six months after the wedding, later they also had twins. There are several explanations why Shakespeare went to London, but most of the explanations are anecdotes from a later time. Some scientists think that he became a member of a theatre company, which visited Stratford.
The first time we hear about him again is in 1592, and at that time he is a famous person in London. Mostly he is famous as an actor and as a play writer, but he was also the owner of the Globe Theater.
Shakespeare wrote 37 plays: comedies, tragedies and historical dramas. His plays have something for every taste: they contain exciting plots, strong emotions, colours and comedy. The themes of Shakespeare are love, nature, power and its responsibility. The basic theme is man and especially after 1600, you feel the bitterness towards people.
He returned to Stratford around 1611, perhaps the same year as he wrote the Tempest, which can be interpreted as his farewell to theatre. The remaining years of his life he spent in his native town and he died in 1616. He is buried in the church of Holy Trinity, and on the left side of the church above his grave there is a monument honouring him.