A large epidemic affecting approximately one in two Americans, according
to a Gallup survey, is sleeping difficulty. This difficulty can come in one of
many different forms. Problems falling asleep, grogginess after sufficient
amounts of sleep, or waking suddenly and not being able to fall back asleep are
the most common of the problems that occur in Americans. I shall explain in my
report, the importance of sleep, differences in types of sleep, the approximate ³
reccomended daily amount² of sleep, variables that may affect sleep, and some
simple tips to aide you in attaining effective slumber.
Why, exactly is sleep necessary? Sleep is more than a period of rest
for the brain, in fact, it is just the opposite. As you sleep, your body
repairs itself, and your psyche repairs itself, also. According to the Gallup
poll, people who don¹t have problems sleeping, are able to cope with problems
easier, concentrate better, and finish tasks more adequitely. Lack of sleep can
cause memory, learning, reasoning and calulation functions to decrease in
efficiency. Lack of sleep can lead to illness and psychiatric problems also.
An approximate 200,000 auto accidents are probably caused by sleep hindrence,
and also, an estimate was made that sleep deprivation and work cost the economy
one hundred fifty thousand dollars.
Amount of sleep necessary depends upon the individual. Some are ready
to go with six hours of sleep, while others can¹t function without nine. If a
person feels unable to stay focused during monotonous or boring work, it is
possible they may need more sleep. Also, need for sleep doesn¹t decline with
age, it just may be more difficult to retain the ablility to sleep, as one may
lose vision or hearing.