What is the benefit of Sports Psychology?
University of the Cumberlands
Playing a sport is not only based on the physical attributes of the athlete, but also the mental state of the athlete. Sports Psychology is a field that describes two different delivery models: performance enhancement and therapy with athletes. What most athletes do not realize is that their mental state affects their game just as much as how fast or how strong they are. Mental attributes that can alter an athlete’s game include motivation, attention, emotion, mood, and cognitive and behavioral interventions. (Aoyagi, Portenga, Poczwardowski, Cohen, & Statler 2012 p.33) These six categories can affect an athlete’s performance in a game or at practice. For all the physical qualities that can alter an athlete’s performance, there are just as many mental qualities that can throw them off their game also. The history of sports psychology, why athletes may be opposed to it, and benefits of using it are all parts of the field most are not aware of.
Sports Psychology first began not in the United States, but in Europe, more specifically the Eastern part of Europe. (Browne & Mahoney 1984 p.606) A group that was very important to the contribution of this field is the Sports Medicine Division of the United State Olympic Committee. (Browne & Mahoney 1984 p.606) The reason this committee is so important to the field of sports psychology is because in 1982 members of this group initiated a registry for the purpose of referrals in the area of sports psychology. (Browne & Mahoney 1984 p.606) This jump started the field because The Sports Medicine Division had guidelines and requirements that professionals had to follow in order to be considered sports psychologists. On the other hand, the North American Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity had no guidelines or requirements. The American Psychological Association eventually made it mandatory for the...