Stress, Health, and Coping 2
Stress, Health, and Coping are the topics of this chapter summary. As we begin to look at these particular topics we are hit first with a very powerful example of stress, the life of a young New Yorker on September 11, 2001. A twenty year old student lived only blocks away from ground zero where the attacks took place. In this chapter, Stress is defined as a negative emotional state occurring in response to events that are perceived as taxing or exceeding a person’s resources or ability to cope. As we continue to read this story, it is very easy to see how this was a Major Life Event which is an offset producing significant stress. We also gained the knowledge that a Major Life Event does not necessarily have to be bad to induce stress. According to the life events approach change itself, good or bad, produces stress. However researchers have found that negative life events have greater adverse effects on health especially when unexpected or uncontrollable. In contrast, positive desirable events are much less likely to affect your health adversely.
Another type of stress covered in this chapter is known as Daily Hassles. Daily Hassles are considered unexpected minor annoyances that can occur on any day to all of us at any time; such as staining you favorite shirt, getting a parking ticket, or getting stuck in traffic. In this chapter it also states that Daily Hassles are cumulative. Each hassle may be relatively unimportant in itself, but after a day filled with them the effects add up. Daily Hassles also contribute to the stress produced by Major Life Events. Any major life change, good or bad, can create a ripple effect, creating a host of new daily hassles. Chapter Thirteen then returns to its largest most poignant example of stress ranging from a Major Life Event rippling into Daily Hassles. After the young New Yorker experiences a terror attack just blocks from her residence,
Stress, Health, and Coping 3
she had to...