Outline and evaluate ways of stress management
It may seem that there’s nothing we can do about our stress level. For example, the bills aren’t going to stop coming, there will never be more hours in the day for all our errands, and career or family responsibilities will always be demanding. But we have a lot more control than we might think. In fact, the simple realization that we are in control of our life is the foundation of stress management. Managing stress is all about taking charge- taking charge of our thoughts, our emotions, our schedule, our environment, and the way we deal with problems. The ultimate goal is a balanced life, with time for work, relationships, relaxation, and fun – and the resilience to hold up under pressure and meet challenges head on. Unfortunately, many people cope with stress in ways that make the problem worse.
Problem-focused coping is directed at managing the problem, while emotion-focused coping processes are directed at managing the negative emotions.
Other ways of stress management include drugs; this is a physiological way of coping with stress. People may be prescribed benzodiazepines, these are used to increase the action of the neurotransmitter GABA, GABA reduces the activity of other neurotransmitters. This reduces the levels of noradrenaline and serotonin which is evidently related to anxiety. The best examples of these drugs are Librium, Valium and Mogadon. The downside to using these drugs is that they are physically and mentally addictive, and people may become dependent on them, they also only essentially mask the problem and do not solve it, but they are cheap and effective in the short term.
One psychological approach to stress management is CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) Stress inoculation training is one effective method developed by Meichenbaum. The essence of this approach is to replace negative and irrational thoughts with positive and rational ones. There are three main phases in this: assessment,...