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Surrealism Essay

  • Submitted by: kbullock
  • on February 22, 2011
  • Category: Arts and Music
  • Length: 1,600 words

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Below is an essay on "Surrealism" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

There are many significant movements in art that stand out in the twentieth century.   None can compare to the mystery and imagination of a movement that keeps people questioning the artist’s intentions and most of all, the artist’s sanity.   This movement in which artists use the element of surprise and unexpected juxtapositions is known as Surrealism.   Surrealism is a revolution, a cultural, artistic, and intellectual movement oriented toward the liberation of the mind by emphasizing the critical and imaginative thoughts of the "unconscious mind" and the attainment of a state different from reality.   For many Surrealists, this orientation toward transcending everyday reality toward one that incorporates the imaginative and the unconscious has manifested itself in the intent to bring about personal, cultural, political and social revolution.   It is sometimes described as a complete transformation of life by freedom, poetry, love, and sexuality.   There are many important questions to be asked about Surrealism.   How did Surrealism come about into the art world?   What artist’s lead this strange and controversial movement, and how did Surrealism finally come to an end?   These are all important questions that will be answered.
Surrealism was launched in 1924 by the French poet Andre Brenton. Brenton, known as the “Pope of Surrealism,” helped start this organized movement with doctrinaire theories. Brenton defined Surrealism as, “Thought expressed in the absence of any control exerted by reason, and outside all moral and aesthetic considerations.” (Hudson, 151)   Brenton intended to bring about a revolution as profound as the ones created by Sigmund Freud and Leon Trotsky.   A main influence on Surrealism was of Sigmund Freud.   A number of key Freudian theories were used by Surrealists for them to exploit and to use at will.   In particular, Surrealist were interested in Freud’s ideas about castration anxiety, fetishes, and the uncanny.   Brenton believed that Surrealism...

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