Chapter 1- Introduction and Research Materials
2. Explain the function of a placebo control group.
One of the main functions of a Placebo Control Group is to allow researchers to determine between effects caused by the drugs and expectancy effects.
Chapter 3- Sensation and Perception
1. How does the brain “watch” objects?
The brain watches objects though highly specialized neurons in the visual cortex of the brain. Each neuron responds to either angles, lines, edges or other basic structures, some even to movement and distance. These neurons, also called feature detectors, require additional levels of processing in other parts of the brain, including the frontal lobes, to form the information into a recognizable image.
Chapter 4- Consciousness and Its Variations
2. Discuss what William James pointed out that “consciousness is an everchanging experience”.
The experiences that you face in between situations change how you react to those situations. Even if you have dealt with the exact situation in the past, your experiences in between will change how you react to it.
Chapter 5- Learning
2. Explain how “Shaping” is used by third grade elementary school teachers.
Firstly shaping is using positive reinforcement for positive action. In the third grade children may be given prizes for the grade of one hundred. The teachers also give the children things for good behavior.
Chapter 6- Memory
2. How can a person develop “Superpower Memory” in minutes per day?
Focus your attention
Commit the necessary time
Space you study sessions
Organize the information
Elaborate on the material
Use visual imagery
Use a mnemonic device(example is visual aids)
Explain it to a friend
Reduce interference within a topic
Counteract the serial position effect
Use contextual cues to jog memories
Sleep on it to consolidate those memories
Forget the ginko biloba(Herb)