An Informative Essay
By Jessica Vesey
In order to fully understand the United States government we must break down the Constitutional history.
In the early 1600’s are founding fathers were on the verge of achieving something that would govern our country for centuries to come. In June 1776 the Continental Congress made up at that time of 13 colonies appointed a Committee of five men to draft a document which was named the Declaration of Independence. The text of the Declaration gave a detailed list of grievances against King George III including such items as taxation without representation, maintaining a standing army in peacetime, dissolving houses of representatives, and hiring “large armies of foreign mercenaries.”A resolution of independence passed the Philadelphia Convention on July 2, 1776 this was all that was needed to break away from Britain. The Colonist had been fighting Great Britain for 14 months while proclaiming their allegiance to the crown. Now that they were breaking away the colonies wanted to make it clear exactly why they have decided this course of action, they presented to the world the Declaration of Independence’ which was drafted by Thomas Jefferson. The formal break from Great Britain was complete with the adoption of that document on July 4, 1776. (Kelly, Martin 2001)
The government of the United stated is based on a written constitution the shortest in the world. The constitution consists of a preamble, seven articles and 27 amendments. From this document the entire federal government was created. It is a living document whose interpretation has changed over time. (Kelly, Martin 2001)
The Constitution created three separate branches of government. Each branch has its own powers and areas of influence. The constitution also has a system within it called checks and balances that ensure no one branch would over power the other. The three branches of...