Describe and explain the conditions leading to different levels of development in two contrasting countries in the EU.
In this essay I am looking at two EU countries, Ireland and Bulgaria. Ireland is located in Western Europe and is off the coast of Great Britain. Bulgaria on the other hand is located in Eastern Europe. In this essay I will be contrasting these two countries and see how there are different levels off development there are before coming to my conclusion.
Ireland joined the EU in 1973. Before joining the EU Ireland was regarded by most global communities as an almost insignificant island, which was struggling to find its place in the world more than five decades after gaining independence from the UK. Europe was not sure about letting Ireland join the EU; Ireland was an agricultural based economy and it depended on the UK market and also Ireland suffered from poverty. Before joining the EU, Ireland had high levels of unemployment and low levels of income (€38 a week). The health care was less developed and was not as good as it could have been. Between 1951 and 1961 the net loss of Irish citizens to emigration was over 400,000. It was mostly young people who left because their was a lack of services and jobs.
Since joining the EU Ireland has transformed from an agricultural society to a modern technologically advanced economy. Ireland is sometimes known as the Celtic Tiger because it advanced from a economic periphery to be part of the economic core with and economic growth of 10per annum since 1995 to 2000. Ireland has received €60 billion since joining the EU and this money had went on projects and services to help the country develop
An estimated 700,000 jobs have been created in Ireland during the years of membership and trade has also increased 90 fold; because their has been a single European market established it means it is easier for Ireland to trade with other counties. Foreign Direct Investment in to Ireland has increased...