Under election law, there are several offences. Most of these pertain to acts which incite a voter to cast his ballot for a candidate. Meanwhile, it is also an offence to use these actions to incite voters not to cast ballots at all. These offences spread to using third parties as agents to commit after them.
It is an offence to provide drinks, foods or refreshments with a view to incite voters to either vote for a particular candidate or do not vote at all.
It is illegal to provide remunerations for voting for a certain candidate.
It is an offence to menace a person to vote for a candidate or do not vote. In the year of 2004 this was prolonged absence to include "spiritual threats". This was due to the Islamic Party of Malaysia (PAS) menacing citizens in less developed parts of the country with eternal damnation if they did not vote for the PAS and that a vote for them would reward by God.
It is an offence to oppress passage to and from a voting centre. Setting up a location for any candidate within 50 meters of the voting centre is an offence as well. Similarly, it is also an offence if anyone loitering in this zone. Only voters are allowed to be in this zone on that particular voting day.
Provide transportation to a voting centre is technically an offence. However, this is not normally to be enforced as almost every party do this to some degree. It is a further offence to use a vehicle that is normally rented out (such as hired bus or taxi) to provide such transportation. Crossing of river is the only exception that is allowed to provide transportation to the voters. No passengers of any vehicles can be forced to alight within 46 meters of a candidate's booth on voting day.
Each candidate is not allowed to spend more than RM 200,000 (parliamentary) or RM 100,000 (state) for campaigning under Section 19 of the Elections Offences Act, 1954. It has been alleged, however, that the governing Barisan Nasional coalition spent around...