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The Racial Disparities With Having Autism Essay

  • Submitted by: shudmon
  • on December 5, 2011
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 3,241 words

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Below is an essay on "The Racial Disparities With Having Autism" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

The Racial Disparities With Having Autism

Autism is a neurobiological disorder that affects approx-imately 1 child in 150 and occurs equally across demographic groups. While there is a similar rate of occur-rence among African-American children and Caucasian children, there is a disparity in the age of diagnosis between the two groups. African-American children are likely to be diagnosed 1.5 years later than Caucasian children. Because it is critical to the long-term outcomes of children with autism to be diagnosed as early as possible and to participate in interventions, it is imperative that the reasons for this later diagnosis of African-American children be understood and action be taken to eliminate this disparity. This paper will identify possible factors that may contribute to the disparity in age of diagnosis between African-American and Caucasian children, make recommendations for intervention and policy, and discuss implications for social workers.
Although autism has a similar prevalence rate for African-American and Caucasian children, a disparity in the age of diagnosis has been identified for these two populations (Mandell, Listerud, Levy, & Pinto-Martin, 2002). It is important that the reasons for this disparity are identified so children can begin necessary interventions as soon as possible. This paper will examine factors that may contribute to late diagnosis in African-American children, make recommendations for intervention and policy, and discuss implications for social workers. Autism falls under the umbrella of Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) which includes conditions such as Rett’s Disorder, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, and Asperger’s Disorder. Pervasive Developmental Disorders share the characteristics of a delay in the development of social skills, language and communication, and behavioral repertoire. According to the American Psychiatric Association (2000), autism is the most well known of the PDD’s and is...

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The Racial Disparities With Having Autism. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 15, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://cassandralynndesignllc.com/free-essays/The-Racial-Disparities-With-Having-Autism-139566.html