THE EVOLUTION OF THE TRUMPET AS A
SOLO INSTRUMENT THROUGH THE
CONCERTO GROSSO AND CLASSICAL
Oklahoma City University
Music Research and Writing
The trumpet is one of the most diverse instruments known today and can be heard in practically every genre. With the development of the concerto, it is possible to see the use of the trumpet becoming more popular during the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. This demand leads to the question, “What specific attributes and designs allowed the trumpet to function as a versatile instrument during this period?” This paper will explore the emergence of the trumpet as a solo instrument within the concerto forms and in doing so, will explain the reasons for the styles and methods of composition used to fit the instrument. It will also explore the history and differences between the German and the Italian courts, as well as how the trumpet’s evolution allowed it to take such a predominant role. The reader will gain a basic understanding of the development of the trumpet as a solo instrument as well as its functions within the two discussed concerto forms, the concerto grosso and the classical concerto.
II. Brief History
In the earliest sources of history, it is said that Moses presented two silver trumpets to the priests. During this time in the Old Testament, it is primarily assumed that the trumpet served two functions. The first was as a ceremonial call meant to assemble people, and the second was to strike the army’s camp. During this time the only people with permission to play the trumpet were priests. Priests also had the duty of sounding the alarm in times of emergency...