Basic Theatre Terms
Soliloquy: A speech in which a dramatic character reveals what is going through the mind by talking aloud to the self.
Monologue: It is a when the character may be speaking his or her thoughts aloud, directly addressing another character, or speaking to the audience.
Flash back: Part of a narrative that interrupts the chronological flow by relating events from the past. Flashback is often used to recount events that happened before the story’s primary sequence of events or to fill in crucial back-story.
Aside: In a play, thoughts spoken aloud by one character (often to the audience) without being noticed by others onstage.
Cheat: To play toward the audience while seemingly conversing with others on stage.
Adlib: To improvise lines of a speech especially in response to an emergency, such as a performer’s forgetting his or her lines.
Pantomime: Originally a Roman entertainment in which a narrative was sung by a chorus while the story was acted out by dancers. Now used loosely to cover any form of presentation which relies on dance, gesture and physical movement.
Masking: Scenery or draperies used to hide or cover.
Catharsis: A Greek word, usually translated as “purgation” which Aristotle used in his definition of tragedy. It refers to the vicarious cleansing of certain emotions in the members of the audience through their representation onstage.
Project: To use one’s voice forcefully enough to be heard clearly at a distance during a drama.
Protagonist: A protagonist is the one who plays the first part or the chief actor , he is the main character and the central or primary personal figure around whom the events of the narrative's plot revolve and with whom the audience is intended to most identify.
Antagonist: An antagonist is a character, group of characters, or an institution, that represents the opposition against which the protagonist must contend. In other words, 'A person, or a group of people who oppose the main character,...