Thomas Hunt Morgan
Do you wonder ever wonder why you have the same hair as your dad or mom, or why you have a certain eye color? Well, Thomas Hunt Morgan studied the genes of humans and fruit flies, and became successful in understanding some of these questions. He researched the sex-link of the white-eyed fly, also known as the Drosophila melanogaster, by which he established the chromosomes theory of hereditary. He showed that genes are linked in a series on chromosomes and are responsible for hereditary traits. By doing so he won the Nobel Prize under the category of “Physiology or Medicine” in 1933.
Thomas Hunt Morgan was born in September 25, 1866 Lexington, Kentucky. His father, Charlton Hunt Morgan, was a U.S. consul. His uncle (on his father’s side), John Hunt Morgan, was a Confederate guerrilla leader of ”Morgan’s Raiders,” who was best known for his attacks in Kentucky, Indiana and Ohio. His great-grandfather, on his mother’s side, was Francis Scott Key who was the author of our national anthem, “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
As a child, Thomas Hunt Morgan was always interested in natural history and when he was 10 years old, he started collected birds, bird’s eggs, and fossils. In 1887, the year after his college graduation, he spent time going down to the seashore laboratory of Alphaeus Hyatt at Annisquam, Massachusetts. For two years he researched for the United States Fish Commission and traveled on expeditions to Jamaica and the Bahamas. He got his PhD at Johns Hopkins University in 1890. During the same year he got his PhD, he was the recipient of Hopkins' first endowed fellowship, the Adam T. Bruce Biology Fellowship. This fellowship was established in 1887 by the mother of Adam T. Bruce, who earned his PhD in zoology in 1886, but died the following year. In 1924 Frederick Bruce, Dr. Bruce's brother, added to the fellowship fund. And 120 years later, the income continues to...