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Tsunami   Disasters


The Hokkaido tsunami caused by a powerful earthquake of magnitude 7.8.   The disaster killed 200 , injured 236 , and 34 people were missing.   The disaster caused fires, mudslides and destroyed homes towns , leaked kerosene from toppled fuels containers. (1).
The Indian Ocean tsunami on December 26, 2004 was the second largest earthquake ever recorded in the history.   The disaster shook the sea floor beneath the Indian ocean near the Indonesia island of Sumatra .   The quake measured 9.3 in the Ritcher scale and abruptly pushed the sea floor up over 30 feet along a 600-mile-long fault line. The earthquake   was extremely damaging and resulted in many deaths. Most of the destruction and deaths were caused by the catastrophic tsunami waves it generated. The disaster caused 280, 000 deaths, 1 million homeless, and 14,000 missing and affected 10 nations around the Indian ocean .   The   tsunami   had its greatest impact and casualties in Indonesia, Thailand, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Maldives, and Somalia .Take for example, Indonesia. The tsunami destroyed   529 health facilities and damaged 41 out of 51 regional health centers with reproductive services. (3).   In addition, a total of 110 bridges   were destroyed.   Seaport , airport and 82% of all roads were damaged.   The hardest hit was the northern Aceh province of Indonesia where the waves completely destroyed the city infrastructure and killed   thousands of its inhabitants   The total estimated value of the damages in Indonesia was $4.5 billion . In other countries near the coastlines,   the tsunami   destroyed all beach front hotels, fishing and tourist boats.   All electricity and phone lines were cut.   Fresh water supply was contaminated.

Lacking   of early warning and communication   systems , experience and education, emergency preparedness plans   are the factors   that contributed to the impact of the tsunami.   There was less casualties in the Hokkaido tsunami in Japan than in the Indian...

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