Ecology theory focuses on humans as both biological and social beings in interaction with their environment. Ecology theory is the belief that family is considered to be the transformation system that connects the natural physical biological with the human build and social cultural aspects. For years, Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917-2005) believed that it you want to understand how humans develop you have to consider the environment in which a person live. Bronfenbrenner delineated four types of nested systems he referred to as the microsystem, the mesosystem, the exosystem and the macrosystem. Later he added the macrosystem. Each of these systems has a different role, norms and rules that help develop the shape of a person’s life.
Bronfenbrenner’s Ecology Theory became the focus in the 1970s and 80s, he believed that to understand the importance of human context we must first understand the environment in which a person come from. He describes intricate levels of environment with having consequences on a child’s development. Bronfenbrenner Ecology theory has been renamed by some as the bioecological systems theory. The name changed came about so that people will better understand that a child’s own biological surroundings are stimulated by the associations between the child and the environment they are in. For example family/community (Addison 1992). Bronfenbrenner believe that it if you want to learn the development of a child you must not only look at their immediate surrounds and environment you must look at the interaction of their entire environment as well.
Bronfenbrenner’s identifies four systems that have a active role in the development of a child the microsystem, the mesosystem, the ecosystems, and the macrosystem. Each level influences the prior lever and directly or indirectly has a influence on the development of the child. Microsystem it the child immediate environment school, family, peers and the neighborhood in which they...