December 12, 2010
Nanotechnology is the engineering of functional systems at the molecular level. It is a result of the combination of different scientific fields such as physics, biology, engineering chemistry, and computer science in addition to many more. The foundation of nanotechnology is that atoms make up all things in our world; which can be manipulated to produce almost anything. Nanotechnology was introduced by a man named Eric Drexler who presented his ideas in a paper he had written on molecular engineering, which was later published in 1981. In 1987 Engines of Creation was published where he expanded the themes of his first book.
Drexler received a doctorate degree from MIT in the field of nanotechnology in 1991, under the supervision of Marvin Minsky, the world-renowned artificial intelligence pioneer. In 1981 the invention of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope, by Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer, and the Atomic Force Microscope five years later, made it possible to not only take pictures of individual atoms, but to actually move a single atom around. Some of the practical applications of nanotechnology today are to fabricate smaller faster computer chips for more efficient computers, mobile phones, or navigation systems. Nanotechnology also brought about the quantum dot laser, which enables faster communication
Nanotechnology could be utilized by today's society in countless ways and will revolutionize our lives. The advances in medicine alone could save millions of lives. Tiny robots could detect diseases when they've just barely begun to form, repair injuries more completely than ever before, and even body parts with new ones. Microscopic cameras and other recording devices would change the intelligence and security industry by enabling them to watch and monitor like never before. We would have the luxury of carrying around huge amounts of information, thousands of music albums and movies-on tiny...