Why did the USSR split into 15 countries?
The USSR starting splitting into 15 different countries. These countries were Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.
The Sino–Soviet split was the worsening of relations between the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) during the Cold War (1945–91). Since 1956, the countries had (secretly) been diverging ideologically, and, beginning in 1961, the Chinese Communists formally denounced “The Revisionist Traitor Group of Soviet Leadership."
Debates over differing interpretations of peaceful coexistence were one aspect of the Sino-Soviet split in the 1950s and 1960s. During the 1960s and early 1970s, the People's Republic of China under the leadership of its founder, Mao Zedong, argued that a belligerent attitude should be maintained towards capitalist countries, and so initially rejected the peaceful coexistence theory as essentially Marxist revisionism.
In the 1960s, this intellectual divergence became critical, continuing until the late 1980s — yet was rendered moot with the USSR's collapse in 1991. Their doctrinal divergence owed as much to Chinese and Soviet national interests, as with the régimes’ interpretative Marxist ideologies.
The roots of the Sino–Soviet split began in the 1940s, when the Communist Party of China (CCP), led by Mao Zedong, administered a war of against the Empire of Japan, whilst simultaneously fighting the Nationalist Kuomintang, led by Chiang Kai-Shek, in the Chinese Civil War. Mao ignored most of the politico-military advice and direction from Joseph Stalin and the Comintern on conducting the Chinese revolution — because applying Leninist revolutionary theory proved difficult. China, unlike Russia, had no great urban working class, thus he organized the peasants and farmers to fight the...