Healthcare workers play a crucial role in reporting incidents of suspected abuse. One possible barrier healthcare workers might face in reporting abuse is fear of retribution. healthcare workers might have problem reporting an abuse because they fear about the outcome of making a report, such as making the situation worse before it gets better or getting harmed themselves by the abuser. Another possible barrier is having limited knowledge or education on recognizing the signs and symptoms of abuse. Early in the relationship with an abused client, the healthcare workers need to be skillful in order to notice the subtle behavioral and interactional clues that signal an abusive situation.
Primary prevention focuses on raising awareness of child abuse and educating the general public on preventing child abuse from ever happening. Strengthening family wellness and functioning is emphasized. Examples of primary intervention include education programs that support new and expecting parents by helping them prepare for the challenges of child care and public awareness campaigns about how to prevent or report child abuse and neglect.
Secondary prevention addresses the risk or early signs of child abuse. It focuses on families at high risk of maltreatment, with the goal of preventing abuse occurrence within that population. Risk factors such as low family socioeconomic status, substance abuse of parents, and children with developmental disabilities are associated with child maltreatment. Examples of secondary intervention include support groups for people who have experienced family violence and substance abuse treatment programs for families with young children.
Tertiary prevention focuses on providing rehabilitative services to children and families that have experienced abuse. The goal is to prevent the recurrence of abuse or neglect and promote development of healthy family dynamics. (Nies & McEwen, 2007) Examples of tertiary intervention include mental health...